Tuesday, March 12, 2013

The Story Behind Tangsi Mrican

The aerial photos of  Vrije Emigratie (VEDA) in Lamper Tengah, SemarangThe building itself now become the properti of Angkatan Darat (Indonesian Army) and used as housing complex and well knowed as Tangsi Mrican(source: Royal Tropical Institute) 

The Small Hall, located in the center of the
complex, current condition (above) and
in the past (below) showing the activity of
depositing money and delivering packages
by emigrants
(source: Royal Tropical Institute)
Hello world! Long time no posts, and things are getting so vulnerable to ill in this pancaroba season, a transition from wet season to dry season. Well on early of January, I’ve visited a place that during my Junior High School, every sport activity, I was passed through the area but haven’t know yet if the area has a important historical value, despite the building itself are in the old forms. Its Tangsi Mrican, a military housing complex that recently I’ve just realized that in the past it’s a transit camp for the plantantion labour from all over Java before they were sent to the various location in Sumatera called Vrije Emigratie (V.E.D.A) that owned by Algemeene Vereeniging voor Ruberplanters ter Oostkust van Sumatera (A.V.R.O.S), one’s of the leading  plantantion company in Sumatera Island. It has role as a mediator of labor among about 150 plantation companies that consist of private domestic ownership, private foreign ownership, and the state ownership. The major commodities are rubber, cacao, sugar, and palm oil. An indexes that containing the digitalized document about the site was founded in Royal Tropical Institute sites, thanks anyway for mas Khrisna Wariyan for the sites! Anyway on the introduction, its written

Een in Oktober 1927 door den Chef der Vrije Emigratie te Semarang samengstelde brochure over de Vrije Emigratie werd door de Deli Plantersvereeniging uitgeven als Medeeling No. 17 Teneide omtrent de Vrije Emigratie, sedert 1928 een gezamenlijke instelling van de Deli Plantersvereeniging (D.P.V) en de Algemeene Vereeniging voor Ruberplanters ter Oostkust van Sumatera (A.V.R.O.S), haar organitasatie en werkwijze belangsellenden in een kart bestek te kunnen voorlichten, beslaten wij over te gaan tot een nieuwe bewerking van bovenbedoelde publicatie, doch in beknopter vorm en verlucht door een aantal afbeeklinger Moge dit werjke medewerken om meerde bekendheid te gevea aan het instituut der Vrije Emigratie (V.E.D.A)
Medan, 1 December 1929

Het Bestuur der Vrije Emigratie
van D.P.V en A.V.R.O.S

This Inleiding on the journals, principally explaining that in order to creates a good administration and education for the labours, related to the orientation in the destination and also the kind of new method, so its decided to built the Vrije Emigratie (V.E.D.A) in Semarang, to achieved all of the objectives above. According to mas Mahandis Yoananta, a National Geographic reporters the AVROS, preferred  to recruited the labor from Java and China. Why Javanese and Chinese? Because local labor was in short supply and native Malay was not interested work in the plantation company. The words Vrije Emigratie  (eng: Free emigration) means recruitment that based on links between Laukehs (old countrymen who had worked in the plantation) and Sinkehs (new comers) in the same village. VEDA had branches in Purwokerto, Purworejo, and Madiun, later in Meester Cornelis (Batavia) and Surabaya and sub-branches everywhere in Java. Following the nationalization of foreign company during the Banteng Program, the AVROS also nationalized by the government of Indonesia, and since 1967, the premises of AVROS is property of The BKS-PPS (Badan Kerja Sama Perusahaan Perkebunan Sumatera).

The Front parts of VEDA, the left photos showing the arrival of the
returnees by VEDA bus from the harbour of Semarang
(source: Royal Tropical Institute)
The VEDA building itself now are become the property of Angkatan Darat (Indonesian Army) and used as the camp for the army personnel. The forms was still not changes a lot, but a lots of replenishment occurred, and some were destruct the original construction. The main hall, the biggest one’s in the back section, were torned down, and being built new housing complex, only the small hall remains. Visiting the VEDA building, were remembered me about the story from my friends who comes from Pematang Siantar, North Sumatera. He told me that a lot of Javanese lived in his city, and a lot of Javanese settlement were existed over there, majority, they were a plantation workers. Its true then from my friends story and this is, the VEDA building are the proof of the emigration flow of Javanese people to the plantation in the North Sumatera region. This was the proof why there’s so many Javanese in North Sumatera region. But, nobody knows and nobody cares about it. Its only an old building that kept silent from the story inside it for years.

P.S.  Another photos, kindly check lopenSMG fanpage album here , thanks for the pict Mbak Tami and Lovink!
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